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Name P. ID RAN Code Site Type Elevation Condition Approx. Surface MP Levels UP Levels Raw Materials Lithics Fauna Abs. Dates Coordinates km from search pt. Primary Ref.
Mamaia-Sat B.II.17.a 60525.01 open air 7 destroyed 22 2 0 fine 2008 no no 44.28,28.61 0 Păunescu 1999: 137
Boineşti F.XIV.3.a 137087.01 open air 215 sedimentsleft 269 1 2 fine 200 no no 47.9,23.33 0 Păunescu 2001: 478
Cheia B.II.6.b 63018.01 cave 41 destroyed 35 1 0 fine 124 yes yes 44.51,28.43 0 Păunescu 1999: 93
Castelu B.II.5.a N/A open air 0 unknown 0 1 0 fine 321 no no 44.24,28.33 0 Păunescu 1999: 80
Cuza Voda E B.II.11.e N/A open air 0 unknown 0 1 0 fine 1207 no no 44.29,28.31 0 Păunescu 1999: 112
Peştera B.II.24.a 62716.01 open air 0 unknown 0 1 0 fine 201 no no 44.19,28.13 0 Păunescu 1999: 178
Saligny B.II.29.a 62324.01 open air 30 unknown 0 1 0 fine 215 no no 44.28,28.1 0 Păunescu 1999: 186
Cioarei D.II.3.a N/A cave 366 0 6 2 coarse 732 yes yes 45.11,23.02 0 Cârciumaru 2000
Vӑdastra C.VIII.26.a N/A open air 83 unknown 2400 1 1 fine 1127 yes no 43.86,24.37 0 Păunescu 2000: 218
Muierii D.II.1.a N/A cave 639 unknown 34 1 1 coarse 4936 yes yes 45.19,23.76 0 Păunescu 2000: 310
Nandru - Curată F.II.11.a 90510.01 cave 349 unknown 0 7 0 mixed 298 yes yes 45.81,22.82 0 Păunescu 2001:241
Mitoc - Valea Izvorului A.V.35.a N/A open air 121 unknown 485 1 1 fine 1901 no no 48.1,27.02 0 Păunescu 1999a: 125
Bordul Mare F.II.12.a 90609.1 cave 660 sedimentsleft 110 9 1 coarse 5771 yes yes 45.51,23.15 0 Păunescu 2001: 264
Gura Cheii F.V.16.a 40376.04 cave 775 unknown 37 2 2 mixed 46 yes yes 45.55,25.52 0 Păunescu 2001: 336
Ripiceni-Izvor A.V.45.d N/A open air 100 destroyed 3950 6 8 fine 56595 yes yes 47.96,27.14 0 Păunescu 1999a: 167


Site information for: Mamaia-Sat (B.II.17.a)
General Details
Excavation History
Bibliography
Additional Files
Name: Mamaia-Sat
Paunescu ID: B.II.17.a
RAN Code: 60525.01
Site Type: open air
Coordinates: 44.28, 28.61   [Map!]
Coordinate status: approximate
Abs. Elevation (m): 7
Rel. Elevation (m): 0
Condition: destroyed
Approx. excavated surface: 22
MP Levels: 2
UP Levels: 0
Predominant Raw Material type: fine
Total MP Lithics: 2008
MP Fauna present? no
Absolute dates?: no
Discovery Date: 1953-1958
Orig. Excavator(s): Alexandru Păunescu, Florea Mogoşanu
Primary reference: Păunescu 1999: 137
General Information

Status: Păunescu reports that this site, which apparently covered a relatively large area, was destroyed (at some point after 1978) as the area was developed following or during the completion of the Danube-Black Sea canal (Păunescu 1999: 137). The exact location of the site is unknown, and Doboş reports that attempts to locate traces of it in 2008 failed (Doboş 2010: 49).

Archaeological considerations: Păunescu (1999) reports that this site was located along two canals: the Danube-Black Sea canal and a much smaller discharge channel that linked the former to the Siutghiol Lake. The archaeological material that comprises the existing collections from this site was collected from the walls of the two canals, from the sediments at their base, and from two test pits (7m2 and 15m2) that were excavated along the west side of the discharge channel; these test pits formed a continuous, 7m long profile that extended to a depth of 8.3 meters (Păunescu 1999: 140). Two archaeological levels, separated by approximately 2.5 meters of yellowish loess sediments, were identified, both of which were attributed to the Typical Mousterian (Păunescu 1999).

Stratigraphy: Josef Pelisek established a detailed stratigraphic sequence based on geological and pedological analyses of soil samples taken by J. Jelinek and K. Valoch (K. Valoch 1968, 1993; Păunescu 1999: 137). Pelisek’s account offers information not only on the granulometry and chemical composition of the sequence, but also on the likely age and the environmental conditions during the deposition of the various paleosols and loess deposits. Păunescu also offers a stratigraphic description, based on a 7m long and 8.3m deep profile (see relevant figure under the Additional Files section). The upper Middle Palaeolithic level, named by Păunescu “Mousterian II”, was found in a redish-yellowish paleosol located at a depth of 2.65-3.15m from the surface, and is identified as the 7th depositional level (from the top). The lower Middle Palaeolithic level, named by Păunescu “Mousterian I”, was found at a depth of 5.7-6.05m in a redish-yellowish loess that in the lower part at least was identified as a paleosol, and which is identified as the 11th depositional level.


Geological/Paleoenvironmental Information

In a 1976 publication Cârciumaru and Păunescu assign the bottom, Mousterian I level to the W1-W2 through stratigraphic correlation with other sites in the area, and the top, Mousterian II level to the W2-W3 (Cârciumaru and Păunescu 1976: 340).


Lithic Component

Lithics were recovered from a variety of contexts, both in situ and from the profile that Păunescu and Mogoşanu excavated. A CSV file with a summary of the analysis carried out by Păunescu (1999) can be found under Addiitonal Files.


Faunal Component

Only malacological fauna was recovered at this location. The identified species are as follows:

  • Helicopsis striata
  • Jaminia tridens
  • Jaminia microstragus
  • Theba carthusiana
  • Helicella krynickii